Can CBD Help with Sore Throat?

Sore throat is one of the most common symptoms of cold & flu, seasonal ailments, respiratory viral infections. Thus, as the autumn sets in and the mercury start falling, it appears as everyone is having some kind of throat problem

During their lifetime, everyone would experience a sore throat. However, the severity of a sore throat may vary considerably. In some, it may cause minor throat irritation, while in others, it may be a severe and painful throat infection. Additionally, it appears that some individuals are prone to a sore throat.

Studies show that 10% of people would experience symptomatic sore throat each year. One of the problems with a sore throat is that it may occur due to numerous reasons. Bacterial infections cause about 60-70% of sore throat, and the rest occur due to viral infections. Those living with poor immunity are more prone to a sore throat.

Can CBD Help with Sore Throat?

Sore throat is not a life-threatening condition and would not kill an individual. In most cases, it is a self-limiting condition. Nevertheless, it should not be neglected as it may cause complications in some. For example, in some, it may lead to local pus formation. Similarly, strep throat may cause severe life-threatening autoimmune rheumatic disease.

Sore throat is quite challenging to manage due to its varied etiology. There is no single drug that can kill all pathogens. Doctors would often prescribe multiple medications, like anti-inflammatory agents to relieve inflammation, antibiotics, and even lozenges containing antiseptic.

CBD may help in sore throat in many ways. First, CBD is known to have antibacterial properties. Thus, CBD may help kill infections. These effects may be both when ingested or used topically. Therefore, one may either use CBD oil or even lozenges. Lozenges may have some additional benefits of lowering local inflammation.

Another way in which CBD may help is due to its anti-inflammatory action. Many experimental studies show that CBD may reduce proinflammatory cytokines and thus help control inflammation. Lowering inflammation may help reduce the severity of sore throat symptoms.

CBD may help prevent and manage sore throat due to its immune-modulatory properties. Thus, it may help regulate immune response against infectious agents. Its short-term use may help get rid of sore throat, and prolonged use may help prevent future episodes of sore throat.

In recent years, interest in CBD has been increasing. Some studies even suggest that it could help overcome infection due to superbugs. Many commonly found bacteria that also cause sore throat have become increasingly resistant to antibiotics, thus causing prolonged episodes of sore throat. However, new studies show that CBD may help the body overcome these superbugs.

Additionally, it is worth understanding that CBD may also help reduce the sensation of pain and irritation, thus providing symptomatic relief.

Perhaps, the only limitation of CBD is that there are no clinical studies to confirm these benefits, and most evidence comes from the experimental studies.

cbd and sore throat

What Can Cause a Sore Throat?

One of the reasons doctors struggle to manage sore throat is due to numerous causes of the condition.

Bacterial infections

Though many bacteria may cause sore throat, perhaps streptococcal infection is the most common cause. Group A streptococcus bacteria is the most frequent cause of sore throat. However, some infections like gonorrhea, chlamydia and other infections may also cause sore throat.

Seasonal viral infections

It is the second most common cause of sore throat. Thus, common cold, flu, influenza all may cause sore throat. Sore throat is also one of the symptoms of covid-19 infection.


Seasonal allergies would often cause runny noses, sneezing, and throat irritation. Sore throat due to allergies may be mild, but it may last relatively long, thus becoming a constant source of distress.

Smoke and other irritants

Smoke, environmental pollutants, irritants, and dry air may cause sore throat in many people. Such a sore throat is best managed by regularly using soothing lozenges and eliminating irritants.

How Does CBD Work to Help with Sore Throat?

There are multiple ways in which CBD may work. For example, it may have a direct antibacterial effect when used topically like added to lozenges. In other cases, it may work due to its systemic effects.

  • Antibacterial properties may help kill infections, especially when used as lozenges
  • It seems that CBD oil may help fight systemic infections and help overcome sore throat
  • Studies show that CBD has anti-inflammatory properties, which may have a role in managing sore throat
  • CBD is known to boost immunity, which is not just good for bacterial infections but also viral and other opportunistic infections
  • There is a reason to believe that CBD may help reduce sore throat pain and may have a role in the symptomatic management of the condition
  • Best of all, CBD may also help indirectly by reducing anxiety and distress caused by the illness

cbd for sore throat

CBD For Sore Throat: Limitations

There are some limitations of CBD. It should not be used as a primary treatment. Instead, it should be used to support treatment efforts. It is because CBD is not a medication, and despite many claimed benefits, clinical studies still need to confirm its benefits.

Additionally, it is essential to understand that sore throat occurs for hundreds of reasons. Therefore, no known remedy would work in every case.

Further, finding the right product could also be a challenge. There are few products made specifically for this purpose. Similarly, most CBD products are not specifically produced to treat the conditions. There is also a considerable difference in the quality of various products.

What Does CBD Oil Taste Like?

What does CBD oil taste like? It is complex to answer, as each product may differ. Moreover, some products use taste-masking methods by adding aromas, essential oils, flavors, terpenes. These natural ways of taste masking are safe and may also help improve the quality of CBD products.

Generally, pure CBD oil that contains CBD isolate or distillate and hemp oil as carrier oil would have a nutty, grassy, and earthy taste. However, again if another carrier oil is used like olive oil or coconut oil, the taste may differ.

How To Choose the Right CBD Oil for Sore Throat?

Choosing CBD oil for sore throat may be challenging due to the sheer amount of choice. There are products with different forms of CBD; isolate, broad-spectrum, and full spectrum.

CBD isolate only contains highly purified CBD, which has an excellent safety profile. Broad-spectrum contains other cannabinoids with added benefits because of an entourage effect. Full-spectrum is quite like broad-spectrum, but generally also contains THC in small and legally allowed amounts.

Usually, broad-spectrum made using CBD distillate may be the best option as it is the right balance of safety and efficacy.

Here are other things to keep in mind when choosing the right CBD oil for a sore throat:

  • Choose CBD made by reputed brands, as such brands often go through third-party lab testing and thus ensuring the product quality.
  • Make sure that full-spectrum products mention the THC levels in the product.
  • Preferably select organic hemp, especially if you are prone to allergies.
  • Prefer CO2 extracted CBD oils over those using hydrocarbons or other methods due to better safety profile and low level of impurities.

CBD can be a safe and effective remedy for sore throat. However, in rare cases, it may cause dry throat, tiredness, or changes in appetite. Additionally, it is worth understanding that high dose CBD (like 300 mg or above) may influence liver enzymes, thus altering the metabolism of certain pharmaceutical drugs and antibiotics.

Sore throat is a common problem, and CBD can help. So, if you are looking for a sore throat remedy, we can help you come up with the next blockbuster product.

What Does CBD Feel Like?

Most people have heard about the numerous health effects of CBD. They would often use CBD for its countless known and perceived benefits. Thus, some would take CBD to control a feeling of anxiousness, and others use it to suppress pain.

Many people use it to experience its metabolic effects. Some believe that it may help them regulate appetite and lose bodyweight. Additionally, it appears that it may help counter inflammation.

Recently, pharma companies have demonstrated CBD’s benefits in some medical conditions. Thus, there are medications to manage resistant cases of epilepsy, helping in multiple sclerosis.

CBD modulates the endocannabinoid system, and endocannabinoid receptors are present in the brain and peripheral organs. Studies show that CB1 receptors are more predominantly present in the brain and CB2 in peripheral tissues.

Despite so much information regarding the health effects of CBD, it appears that no one is saying how does CBD makes you feel? Or can you drive when using CBD supplements?

These questions are valid. After all, humans have used cannabis due to its mind-altering properties. People primarily use marijuana for recreation, for experiencing the high.

What Does CBD Feel Like?

If you are worried that CBD may cause a high and changes in physical coordination, there is no need to worry. CBD does not cause high. The high or euphoria caused by marijuana is due to its content of THC. However, CBD products only have THC in traces, an amount too small to cause a mind-altering effect. That is why CBD is legal, with no high/euphoria and no physical or psychological dependence.

Nevertheless, CBD would provide some experience or changes in how a person feels. That is why so many people are using CBD products.

First and foremost, it is vital to understand that although all people have similar anatomy or organ structure, they differ genetically and metabolically. Thus, people have different sensitivities towards various substances. Hence, the feeling experienced by using substances varies considerably.

Additionally, lots also depend on the user experience level. For example, feeling on first use may differ considerably from that experienced by continuous use. If one uses any substance regularly, the body reacts and adapts, resulting in an altered experience.

Generally, people appreciate CBD for its very mild anxiety-relieving and pain-relieving action. Thus, most experts agree that experience would be similar to paracetamol/acetaminophen. Some living with pain and anxiety may experience bliss, while others may not experience anything. However, lack of emotional experience does not mean it is not working.

As one can guess, the experience would also depend on the pre-existing health conditions. Additionally, the feeling of the first dose may differ from that of multiple dosages or prolonged use.

In many cases, the primary feeling after using CBD is symptomatic relief and return to a normal state, a normal you.

CBD feel like

So, does CBD oil get you high?

No, it would not. But it would relieve symptoms and make you feel better.

With that said, some people may still report experiencing a difficult-to-explain and pleasant feeling after taking a high dose of CBD, especially when using full spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD. Researchers think this effect is primarily due to the increased activity of a bliss molecule called Anandamide, which is naturally present in the body, but CBD may increase its effectiveness.

Additionally, using full spectrum or broad-spectrum products mean that even greater experience of Anandamide, resulting in that lovely feeling, feeling of bliss.

However, one does not need to worry about it, as this feeling is mild, pleasant, and short-lasting. It does not significantly alter the state of mind, and one does not lose focus or attention. Moreover, this feeling or rush after high dose CBD is experienced by a few sensitive individuals and not by everyone.

This feeling is beneficial for those living with sleep issues and painful conditions, as it helps reduce the pain sensation and has a calming effect. Some may also experience an increase in energy levels.

Researchers think this pleasant, energizing effect is due to the restoration of so-called “endocannabinoid deficiency.” It is quite a common problem when the body stops producing adequate amounts of Anandamide, causing disturbed sleep, chronic fatigue, and body aches.

CBD and feeling of bliss

How To Take CBD Oil

Although CBD is available in many forms, most people prefer CBD oil. It is pretty straightforward to use. Nevertheless, there are a few things to know about taking CBD oil to get maximum benefit.

CBD oil is not really for consumption. It is for sub-lingual use – this is very important to understand. Thus, one should take 4-5 drops (or as recommended by the manufacturer) under the tongue and hold it for a minute or two. It is essential not to swallow immediately so that there is enough time for CBD to get absorbed via the sublingual route.

The sublingual route has many benefits over oral ingestion. The lower side of the human tongue is rich in superficial blood vessels. From there, CBD is absorbed immediately into the bloodstream, resulting in quick action. However, more importantly, unlike the oral route, it can bypass first-pass metabolism

First pass metabolism occurs when someone ingests substances orally. First, it reaches the intestine, from there portal vein take it to the liver. Regretfully, many active ingredients are metabolized/destroyed in the liver, and this is called first-pass metabolism.

First-pass metabolism does not occur when CBD is taken through the sublingual route. Therefore, it means faster and greater benefit. This route is quite comparable to injectables and is especially useful for products taken in smaller dosages.

How Long Does It Take for CBD To Take Effect?

When taken sublingually, CBD reaches the bloodstream immediately. So, theoretically, it starts acting from the very first minute. However, it may need much more time to start working. Thus, people would experience its benefits only after multiple dosages or after a few days.

To understand how long it takes for CBD to take effect, one needs to understand the basics of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.

First and foremost, one needs to know how long CBD stays in Your System?

On average, CBD stays 1 to 2 days in your system, but lots depend on the intake route and how long a person has been using CBD products.

Generally, the first oral dose of CBD will barely stay in the system for 24 hours. However, it starts accumulating in the body with each consecutive dosage. Thus, on repeated dosages, it may remain in the system for 2 to 5 days.

Since it has a long half-life, especially after multiple dosages, it is necessary to understand that although it starts working within a few hours, but its peak effect takes 2-5 days to achieve.

The maximum concentration of the first dose may occur within four hours. However, the maximum concentration of repeated dosages may require a few days.

So, how long does CBD last? Its effect lasts for a few days after repeated dosing, even on the discontinuation of CBD after taking it multiple times

Thus, those taking CBD for any health conditions should know that they must take CBD repeatedly for a few days to feel its health benefits.

Does CBD Oil Get You High?

As already explained, CBD may provide you with a pleasant feeling, improve energy levels, reduce pain sensation, and may have a calming effect. However, it will not get you high.

The high or euphoria is not characteristic of CBD, even at high dosages. That is why its use is legal almost globally. It has no addictive effect and does not cause harm to physical or mental health. It is unwise to compare CBD with marijuana or expect any kind of similar effect.

Needless to say, it will still provide you with some pleasant experience, a feeling of relief from pain, improved sleep, and a feeling of happiness. In addition, it will help improve moods.

How Much CBD Can You Take a Day?

How much CBD you can take a day is quite challenging to say. There are many different products with varying recommendations. Unlike medications, studies could not establish optimal CBD dosage. Many experts say that prolonged and consistent use of CBD may be more important than daily dosage.

Nevertheless, there is some evidence from various studies. It appears that dosage would depend on the underlying health conditions. Usually, 10 mg to 25 mg a day is enough for milder health issues, bowel diseases, improving mood, enhancing sleep quality. However, more severe conditions would require higher dosages like anxiety, depression, cancer pain, psychosis would need 300 mg to 600 mg of CBD a day.

Experts recommend considering a few things when deciding about the daily dosage:

  • Individual sensitivities matter: Some individuals are sensitive to CBD and may benefit from a small dosage, while others need much higher dosages.
  • Symptoms you are treating: If you plan to use it to improve your feeling of wellbeing, calmness, improving sleep quality, starting with the lowest dose is a good idea. One can then increase dosage gradually. However, severe pains, anxiety, mood disorders may need higher dosages.

Finally, lots also depend on the product type. Generally, broad-spectrum is more effective for most health conditions than CBD isolate. However, CBD isolate is a safer option to start with. In some instances, full-spectrum CBD with some THC may be a better option. Lower dosages may have less benefit, but they are safer, too.

If you want to offer the best product experience to your customers, want to come up with a product range that is safe and good for health, we can help you out.

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What to know about importing CBD into Poland?

Poland is one of the largest markets for various natural health supplements. It is one of the countries in East Europe that has done pretty well after joining the EU. Its economy is booming, and so is its industry.

400;”>CBD oil is legal in Poland. It is among the moderately stringent nations. It means that it has some distinct local requirements, too. However, most of these requirements are not very challenging to fulfil. These requirements are primarily regarding the safety of the products.

Overview of Polish CBD Regulations and Laws

According to Polish law, there is medical cannabis, sales and import of which is strictly controlled. Then there is CBD and hemp. 

CBD products are seen as natural herbal products of non-animal origin in Poland. For any CBD product to be legally sold in Poland, it must get novel food authorization by the European Commission. One may also need to provide the certificate of analysis of each batch so that Polish authorities can see the content of each CBD product.

However, things are simpler when it comes to hemp seed oil, flour, or defatted hemp seeds. They are not regarded as novel food by the European Commission. It means that one may import them into Poland without much hassle. Nonetheless, it is a food product, and one may need to get certain approvals from The Chief Sanitary Inspector.

Additionally, Poland has some local requirements regarding product packaging. Like there should not be any health claims, the product should manufacture place of production, expiry date, and so on. It is good to enquire more about these local requirements before dispatching CBD products to Poland.

Criteria & Policies for Importing CBD into Poland

The primary criteria for CBD oil remain the novel food authorization from the EU. However, such approval is not needed if a product contains hemp seed oil or flour, as those are not novel foods.

Additionally, there is a need to submit an application to the State Sanitary Inspection at least two weeks before importing CBD into the country.

Generally, it is good to have a certificate of analysis of the product to prove that the product is safe and does not contain any impurities.

Additionally, one may need to understand more about local laws regarding the labelling of CBD products.

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Importing CBD into Poland within the EU

It is perhaps the most straightforward way of doing CBD business in Poland. However, it would be relatively easy if that particular product is already in sale in other EU nations since it is evidence that the product is suitable for human use.

CBD oil or other products containing CBD would need novel food approval. It is because these products have not been traditionally consumed in the EU region.

Usually, there are no more documents needed. For example, a certificate of analysis from other EU nations would be acceptable in Poland. In addition, there are no customs or other duties on the movement of goods between various EU nations. 

However, one should be careful about the legal requirements of the State Sanitary department and additional local requirements regarding the labelling of the products.

Importing CBD into Poland from other Countries

Importing CBD into Poland from non-EU nations could be more challenging, especially if importing from certain Asian countries. In addition, it would still require novel food authorization to sell any CBD product in Poland.

One would also need to submit an application to The State Sanitary department to get their clearance. 

Additionally, on arrival, every batch would be certified by a local lab for its CBD content and content of other cannabinoids. THC levels would be strictly monitored along with other impurities.

Further, ass products imported from outside of Poland would go through the process of customs clearance and would need to pay VAT. Thus, it would also be essential to mention the Harmonized System code (HS code) on the invoice.

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Importing CBD into Poland to Sell

Can I import CBD oil to Poland? The answer is yes. It is entirely legal to import and sell CBD oil or other CBD product in Poland. 

Poland is one of the fastest-growing markets for health supplements. However, in 2020, the Polish government made some changes to laws regarding the advertising of health supplements. It is because, earlier in Poland, laws were less stringent, and thus many sellers of health supplements could make even unproven claims.

Advertising CBD products are still legal in Poland, but one needs to be careful with health claims. In Poland, like in many other East European nations, considerable sales of health supplements occur via pharmacies. Although, it appears that online sales of these products are also rising. Further, many specialized CBD shops are also gradually emerging across the nation.

Importing Hemp into Poland

Importing hemp is more straightforward. However, it depends on the part of Hemp one is planning to import. 

Processed hemp seeds, defatted seeds, hemp seed oil, hemp seed flour are not regarded as novel food by European norms or by Polish authorities. It means that they can be pretty simple to import without many documents. Nonetheless, one may require to file an application with The State Sanitary department. It is to prove that the products are safe and THC free.

However, if the product was extracted from leaves for flower, or even stalk, or contains CBD and THC below 0.2%, it must get novel food approval.

Hemp fibre is an industrial product and not a food product. Thus, it would not require many documents. However, products for industrial use generally have different HS codes and higher customs duties and VAT. It is generally to protect local hemp growers and the industry.

To conclude, Poland is an attractive market for CBD oil or other CBD products. Importing and selling CBD oil is legal in Poland. Moreover, it generally follows most EU guidelines. Nonetheless, it may have specific local requirements like applying with The State Sanitary department. Nevertheless, the process is pretty straightforward.

However, it is worth understanding that the legal framework regarding CBD products is still evolving, going through significant changes every few years. Thus, it is always good to do more research before starting a CBD business in Poland. 

One may also consult Essentiapura, its specialists have good knowledge about various EU markets, and they can provide precious information about starting a CBD business in different EU markets.

Extracting Terpenes with CO2

How would a person choose a cannabis flower? There is no doubt that most would rely on smelling the flower. The terpenes provide this wonderful smell to cannabis and even other herbs. They are highly volatile and act on the olfactory system. Although aroma itself is vital in herbal extracts, it appears that terpenes have many different roles. The Discovery of numerous health benefits of terpenes has created massive interest in these wonderful organic compounds.

There are many ways of boosting the potency of CBD products, like adding terpene extracts, extracting terpenes in-house, and then adding them to CBD products. Terpenes CBD product has a better aroma and more potent health benefits.

Any single plant would have numerous terpenes, and terpene structure varies. The combination of various terpenes creates the distinct aroma of any plant. It means that most aromatic plants and herbs have multiple types of terpenes and the unique fragrance results from a unique combination. 

In addition, these terpenes help keep pests away and attract pollinators. Studies show that there are numerous terpenes in cannabis like alpha and beta-pinene, limonene, terpinolene, linalool, humulene, caryophyllene, and so on.

Higher amounts of flavonoids and terpenes provide cannabis extract with greater antioxidant properties, extending its health benefits. But, more importantly, terpenes appear to boost the health benefits of CBD through a so-called entourage effect.

Researchers are still exploring various health effects of terpenes. However, it now appears that many benefits of herbal products are due to terpenes. Terpenes may modulate immunity, inflammatory responses, boost various body functions. Thus, retaining terpenes during CBD extraction may help produce a better and aromatic product. Terpenes cannabinoids help each other work better.

CO2 as a solvent for terpene extraction

Using supercritical CO2 is one of the most common methods of CBD extraction. Supercritical CO2 is an excellent solvent. It is formed by compressing CO2 at high pressures and still maintaining a high temperature. However, this method poses some challenges in extracting terpenes. Terpenes do not like the high temperature of supercritical CO2. Terpenes are highly volatile.

It means that using supercritical CO2 alone would not help get products rich in terpenes. Although that may not be a problem when the aim is to produce pure CBD isolate. However, extracting terpenes make commercial sense as these incredible aromatic compounds are costly.  

Process of Terpene Extraction

Fortunately, it is known that these terpenes dissolve well into ethanol. Therefore, one way is to introduce 5% ethanol to CO2 extraction. This can be combined with so-called decarboxylation, a process of converting acidic cannabis to a neutral form, which considerably improves the extraction of cannabinoids and terpenes. Thus, it is good to decarboxylate before making oil.

Using a small amount of ethanol is a very economical way of terpenes extraction. In addition, it does not add up much to the total extraction costs. However, ethanol is not a perfect method, as it has numerous limitations.

The end product of ethanol extraction is dark-colored biomass that is abundant in terpenes.  However, this biomass still contains ethanol along with fats, waxes, and other cellular materials. Therefore, it means that this biomass still needs further processing for extracting terpenes.

Can terpenes be destroyed during the extraction?

In short, the answer is yes. Not all, but partial degradation of terpenes occurs when ethanol is used to extract terpenes. This degradation and even loss of terpenes occur during the distillation process.

Biomass produced through ethanol extraction is not very pleasant. One still needs to use evaporators to remove ethanol and other impurities. However, this process has some problems. Terpenes are highly volatile. It means that many terpenes evaporate along with ethanol, resulting in considerable loss.

But that it’s not all. Applying heat also degrades many terpenes. Nonetheless, after evaporation, dark-colored oil rich in terpenes is left behind. These remaining oils must be further processed to get pure and safe to consume terpenes.

So, as one can see that although ethanol is an excellent way of terpenes extraction, like any method, it has its downsides. Prolonged application of heat during evaporation degrades terpenes. Due to a similar boiling point, many terpenes are lost during the evaporation process.

It means that although ethanol is quite a cost-effective way, it is far from perfect. Fortunately, there are better ways of terpenes extraction or retention: using sub-critical CO2 run before using supercritical CO2 to extract cannabinoids. Many types of equipment, including MoSES, allow the use of sub-critical CO2 extraction methods.

Preserving and maximizing terpenes

Sub-critical CO2 extraction is very similar to supercritical. However, it applies less pressure and uses lower temperatures. As a result, it is especially effective in preserving highly volatile compounds found in various herbs like terpenes in cannabis.

It yields a product that is rich in terpenes and various cannabinoids. However, it generally produces less yield than supercritical CO2 extraction and is also a slower process.

One can run the remaining plant biomass through an additional cycle of supercritical extraction to extract a greater number of cannabinoids. Supercritical extraction is also better in retaining denser molecules like fatty acids.

Thus, as one can see that there is no ideal way of extracting various phytocompounds. Each phytocompound differs in physical properties. Some are better extracted using liquid solvents like ethanol, others supercritical CO2. 

Due to an increased understanding of various health benefits associated with terpenes and the importance of the entourage effect, many are using sub-critical extraction these days.

Fortunately, one can use the same equipment to carry out all these processes in automatic or semi-automatic mode. Most supercritical CO2 extraction equipment would allow the use of sub-critical CO2 extraction. Moreover, many such types of equipment also allow adding ethanol.

The truth is that no method is perfect. However, combining multiple ways of extraction, running the cannabis mass through multiple cycles is the only way to extract a maximum number of compounds. Further, lots would also depend on post-processing. Thus, the final product produced by any machine also depends on the knowledge base of any organization, its experience in producing herbal extracts. 

Essentia Pura terpene-rich extracts, a state of art!

Essentia Pura is the manufacturer of CBD and terpenes extraction equipment like the MoSES and CBD isolate or distillate. It also produces water-soluble CBD products with excellent bioavailability.

For smaller manufacturers lacking the expertise in CBD extraction, it may be a good idea to procure high-quality CBD isolate or distillate and produce finished products. 

Essential Pura also provides its expertise along with equipment for those interested in scaling their production. It is one of the few companies producing module-based equipment. Thus, one can start small, and then these machines can be upgraded for higher production volumes.

Looking for products high in terpenes, or equipment to produce pharmaceutical-grade terpene ingredients? Do not hesitate to reach out, just complete the contact form.

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Hydrocarbon vs CO2 – Which is the best extraction method

Since the legalization of CBD, the market has been booming. There are many small- and large-scale manufacturers in the market. Most CBD producers may start making products by procuring CBD isolate or distillate. However, as their business expands, many would like to begin in-house CBD extraction.

The three most commonly used methods for CBD extraction are using ethanol, hydrocarbons, or CO2. Each of these methods has its pros and cons. Among these, hydrocarbons and CO2 are gases, whereas ethanol is a liquid. Gases are generally compressed to create a supercritical mass. It is a condition when gas is somewhere between the liquid and a gaseous state. In this state, it has very low surface tension and is an excellent solvent. Thus, this supercritical mass can readily penetrate cannabis cells and extract various compounds.

Comparing Hydrocarbon Extraction against CO2 Extraction

Handling gases is a complex art and science. Most organizations would buy a closed-loop machine produced by well-known companies. These machines either use hydrocarbons or CO2. Additionally, some equipment would allow the use of ethanol along with supercritical gases.

The major difference between hydrocarbons and CO2 is that hydrocarbons are highly flammable or even explosive. It means that there are strict regulatory needs for operating equipment using hydrocarbon extraction methods. On the other hand, CO2 is much safer.

When it comes to the quality of the end product, it does depend on the solvents, but not only. It also depends on the expertise of the organization. For example, by altering the pressure, temperature and using liquid solvents like ethanol, one may get different products. Moreover, lots would also depend on post-processing.

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What is Hydrocarbon Extraction

It is a method that uses either propane or butane as a solvent. These gases are cheaply available, as they have many industrial uses. In addition, as a supercritical mass, they form an excellent solvent, helping extract a broad range of phytocompounds from cannabis.

Volatile gases like Butane and Propane are highly flammable, which can lead to dangerous explosions.

Many often loved them due to their low-cost and excellent ability to extract broad-spectrum cannabis extract. However, there are some issues in using these gases. They are highly flammable and explosive. It means that every country has some stringent regulations regarding its industrial use. It will include training of the personnel, specific requirements for the infrastructure. The use of hydrocarbon machines would generally require building a special room in many countries that is explosion-proof and has a specific type of ventilation.

Although, running the hydrocarbon machines is not expensive. However, due to other costs like those in personnel and infrastructure, it may ultimately become a costly business. Further, costs are also involved in various inspections, getting licenses, regulatory approvals.

Other hydrocarbon extraction side effects could be a greater number of impurities in the end product.

What is CO2 Extraction

As the name says, it uses CO2 instead of flammable hydrocarbons. Therefore, it is among the safest gasses to handle. Not only that, CO2 is non-toxic for the human body in small amounts. This means that even if some leakage occurs, it would not be that dangerous. Carbon dioxide may only cause suffocation at very high concentrations, but that is rare.

It is pretty commonly used for CBD extraction. It is often the method of choice for companies starting with extraction. However, it produces a very crude extract that requires further processing through winterization, filtration, etc., which may ultimately add up to the costs.

Since CO2 is safe for human consumption, it is widely used in the food and beverage industry.

CO2 is good for extracting CBD but not that good for other cannabinoids and terpenes. However, that limitation can be overcome. For example, some machines may run the same extract through multiple cycles to extract various phytocompounds. Further, adding ethanol to these machines may help extract terpenes. However, this does slow down the extraction process.

What is the Difference between BHO and CO2 extraction

Butane hash oil (BHO) uses butane for extraction, whereas CO2 uses carbon dioxide. These are both gases, and they are compressed to create supercritical mass. In the supercritical stage, these are excellent solvents. Generally, butane is regarded as a slightly superior solvent due to its ability to penetrate natural extracts better. However, it has its downside, as it is a highly combustible gas.

Many in the industry prefer BHO over CO2 due to the lower costs of such a method. Using butane is also a faster way of extraction. The extraction cycle with CO2 is longer, which may considerably add up to the costs.

It is worth noticing that in most closed-loop machines, most of these gases are recycled. Nonetheless, about 5% of gases do escape during each cycle. Butane is harmful to the environment compared to CO2.

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Hydrocarbon vs CO2: Which Provides the Best Product

It would be pretty complex to say which methods produce the best product. Each of these ways produces a different kind of product. Hydrocarbons generally produce a superior product because it contains the most vital phytocompounds, like various cannabinoids, terpenes, and much more. Further, products created using hydrocarbons require less post-processing, making it an efficient method for industrial use.

Extracting in separated fractions – the beauty of CO2

Extracting with CO2, on the other hand, requires greater post-processing. Therefore, it is more challenging to get broad-spectrum extract with CO2. However, it is possible with the right kind of expertise and equipment. Moreover, using ethanol along with CO2 is a common practice to get the broad-spectrum extract.

It is true that hydrocarbons may readily produce a better end product. However, those are also more likely to introduce toxic impurities. Further, some residual solvents may also remain in the product. Hydrocarbons are harmful to the human body, even in traces. Thus, if in CO2 extract, extensive post-processing is needed to get pure product. In the case of hydrocarbons, the challenge remains in removing the traces of solvents.

It would be correct to say that both these methods may produce an excellent product. However, it would lot depend on the expertise of the organization.

How Essentia Pura Extract Hemp Medicinal Plants & More

Essential Pura mainly produces CBD isolate and CBD distillate. It prefers using the supercritical CO2 method of extraction. It may be a slow and lengthy process, but then the company has the expertise in it. Moreover, it produces some excellent CO2 extraction machines.

Essential Pura has experience in creating a pharma-grade pure extract. Thus, it understands how vital is it to ensure that CBD isolate or distillate is free from impurities and solvents.

We believe CO2 extraction is the technology that should be used when maximizing the purity and safety profile of a product. If you would like to give our CO2 extracted products a try, head over to our contact page.

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Butane vs. CO2 Which is the best extraction method?

Using water, alcohol, or even oils as solvents is one of the oldest methods of extraction. However, these methods result in very poor-quality crude products with numerous impurities. Although these methods are still widely used, industries prefer more efficient methods that help get purer products with the fuller extract.

One such way of getting high-quality natural extracts is using supercritical gases. Under high pressure and yet maintaining high temperature, it is possible to convert any gas into a cloud-like state. It is something in between the liquid and gaseous state. Supercritical solvents have much greater solubility, and they can readily penetrate natural raw materials, helping extract the most beneficial compounds. Moreover, this method allows altering the solvency of supercritical gas by altering the temperature and pressure, thus getting very different types of extracts.

Two of the most common supercritical gases used in the industrial extraction of CBD are hydrocarbon gases like butane or propane or using CO2. However, both these methods have their advantages and drawbacks.

Comparing BHO Extraction against CO2 Extraction

BHO stands for butane hash oil or CBD extracted using butane as a solvent. Butane and carbon dioxide are very different kinds of gases with entirely different physical properties. It also means that their properties as supercritical gas and solvent differ. It essentially means that CBD extract using these gases would differ considerably. Before looking deeper into the differences, let us understand more about these two ways of extraction.

What is BHO Extraction

It uses butane gas for extraction. Supercritical butane is an excellent solvent; thus, it has a fantastic ability to penetrate cannabis and strip not only cannabinoids but also terpenes, lipids, waxes. It creates quite a potent and full-spectrum end product.

Using butane for CBD extraction is one of the fastest and efficient methods. By altering the pressure and temperature, one can get different types of resins fit for various uses.

Many professionals like butane as it helps preserve various active compounds, textures, and aroma of the CBD. It is especially good for creating CBD distillate. The end result of such extraction is a high-terpene and broad-spectrum extract.

Since this method is among the faster methods, it results in time-saving and cost savings.

Once the extraction is complete, most modern machines would recycle the butane by removing it from the extract by heating or reducing the pressure. As most modern types of equipment are closed-loop, very little butane would escape along with the end product.

However, critics of butane may not like that some traces of solvent are still left in the final product. In addition, butane is toxic to the human body. Nonetheless, experience shows that it is left in minimal amounts to pose any health hazards. Another worry regarding its use is that butane is a highly inflammable gas, thus issues in handling it. 

Further, it is worth knowing that no closed-loop machine can recycle 100% of the gases. For most, 95% would be a limit. It means that about 5% butane is still released into the environment during each cycle. Thus, butane extraction has its environmental costs.

What is CO2 Extraction

Supercritical CO2 extraction is the most common way of extraction these days. It is good in the way that CO2 is a highly safe gas. CO2 is present in the air and is also produced as a byproduct of the metabolic activity of the human body. 

It appears that supercritical CO2 is an excellent solvent. However, it is not very good for extracting terpenes. That is why many machines using CO2 may use other solvents like ethyl alcohol to get full spectrum extract, but this can add up to the costs. Nonetheless, solvents like ethyl alcohol are safe for humans and the environment.

Additionally, CO2 extraction results in a resin that must still be processed before use. Thus, it must be winterized and go through fractional distillation to get the usable product.

Despite some hassles, CO2 is relatively safe to handle. Moreover, its leakage does not pose much threat to health.

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What is the Difference between BHO and CO2 extraction

Generally, butane (BHO) helps get CBD resin faster, more efficiently. BHO resins are also rich in the aroma as it preserves terpenes. Therefore, it is an excellent way of producing full-spectrum CBD. When used at an industrial scale, it is also cheaper than supercritical CO2 extraction.

However, things are not so simple as they may sound. Butane still leaves some residue in the end product, and CO2 does not. Further, handling butane requires additional licenses, and investment in the infrastructure, as it poses a threat. Butane comes under highly flammable and hazardous substances.

Every country would have some strict fire safety requirements for using butane. This means high expenses on ventilation. It also requires building an explosion-proof room, considerably adding to the setup costs.

Modern closed loop machines using butane are indeed highly safe. Nonetheless, each year tens of incidences of explosions and injuries caused by butane extraction machines are reported.

BHO vs CO2: Which Provides the Best Product

BHO extract is generally of higher quality, with better texture and aroma, and requires less post-processing. However, full-spectrum is not always required as it also means a more significant amount of impurities and residual solvent. Thus, CO2 extracts may have fewer terpenes, but it also has no toxic residual solvent. Thus, BHO may be good, but CO2 appears to be safer.

Further, it would be wrong to say that one cannot get full spectrum or broad-spectrum extract by using supercritical CO2. It is also a matter of expertise. To get various extracts, one can run the extract through multiple cycles, using different temperature and pressure settings. As far as terpenes are concerned, greater amounts of them may be extracted by adding ethyl alcohol as a solvent. Moreover, both CO2 and ethyl alcohol are absolutely safe.

How Essentia Pura Extract Hemp Medicinal Plants & More

For Essentia Pura focus is on the quality and safety of the products. Supercritical CO2 extraction using solvent helps get either CBD isolate or broad-spectrum CBD distillate. Both these products are free from impurities. Moreover, equipment like MoSES used by Essentia Pura is safe for the environment. Additionally, Essentia Pura produces both oil-soluble and water-soluble CBD isolate and distillate. As a result, Essentia Pura produces almost pharma-grade pure products for CBD businesses and consumers. 

Do you have any further questions about extracts? Send us an e-mail! For inquiries about our extraction system, please fill out our contact form.

5 Best Carrier Oils for CBD

What is a Carrier Oil?

Carrier oils are various oils that may be used to produce CBD oil from CBD isolate or distillate powder. They help create stable, easy-to-use products with some additional health benefits.

One may use CBD isolate or CBD distillate to create CBD products. However, these have a very high concentration of CBD and are unfit for direct consumption. Even if one extracts CBD using CO2 extraction, it will still result in a high concentration product with poor bioavailability and would be difficult to use for health benefits. 

Since CBD is naturally soluble in oils, it is a common practice to dissolve it in some oil to create an end product. These oils in which CBD extract, CBD isolate, or CBD distillate are dissolved are called carrier oils.

Impact of Adding Carrier Oils to CBD

It is worth understanding that CBD distillate or broad-spectrum CBD is also rich in terpenes, polyphenols, essential oils. Many of these compounds are highly volatile, and they tend to degrade quickly, whereas using carrier oil reduces their volatility and enhances stability.

Additionally, carrier oils may also help boost the bioavailability of CBD products. Most often, people would take CBD oil sublingually, and part of CBD would be quickly absorbed. However, another part enters the intestines, where CBD carrier oils may help protect CBD from the harsh effect of gastric juices.

Olive oil is one of the most popular oils used in culinary and also in the CBD industry.

Benefits of CBD Carrier Oils

Improved stability

These oils form the base of the product, to which one may add CBD isolate or distillate to create the end product. It is also common practice to add various terpenes and essential oils to enhance the aroma and health benefits of CBD products. Mixing these various compounds to carrier oils help create much stable product, as carrier oil are not volatile and have an excellent shelf life.

Improved absorption

CBD is naturally soluble in lipids and does not dissolve well in the water (except specifically created water-soluble CBD). Thus, it is natural to use carrier oils as something to dissolve CBD isolate. These carrier oils also help protect CBD from gastric juices and improve CBD’s absorption through the intestine.

Further, dissolving CBD in oils may also help prolong their action. Without carrier oils, whatever CBD will make to the bloodstream would be quickly metabolized by the liver. On the contrary, CBD dissolved in carrier oils takes much longer to metabolize. It may also accumulate in greater amounts in various fatty tissues. 

The unique mechanism of action

Fats are absorbed and metabolized quite differently by the body than carbs, water-soluble nutrients. After digestion, fats are taken up by the lymphatic system. In contrast, water-soluble ingredients go directly to the liver. By bypassing the liver and using lymphatic tissues, fat-soluble substances may have unique health benefits. For example, most lymph is rich in immune cells. Thus, fat-soluble agents may have more significant immune-modulating action.

Easier dosing

Theoretically, one may consume CBD isolate powder. However, since CBD is needed just in a few milligrams a day, dosing CBD isolate or distillate would be almost impossible. On the other hand, dosing CBD oil is much easier, and one can use a few drops of CBD oil a day.

Helps provide unique products

These days it is a common practice to create CBD products for specific needs. It is achieved by adding terpenes from other plants like tea trees, Spanish sage, citrus fruits. Thus, some CBD products may help calm the nerves, while others may help uplift the moods. Therefore, carrier oils help create value-added products. Moreover, not only CBD but most terpenes also dissolve pretty well in oils.

Apart from terpenes, some CBD manufacturers may add essential oils to CBD products like eucalyptus oil and lavender oil. However, essential oils cannot be consumed directly as they may irritate mucus membranes. But, using carrier oil helps create effective and safe products.

Perhaps the most common carrier oil used for CBD drops formulation, offering a true whole plant experience.

Added health benefits of carrier oils for CBD

Carrier oils are not something inert. They may also have their health benefits. Some may be rich in high-quality fatty acids. For example, olive oil is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids and may help reduce inflammation. Some oils may be rich in fat-soluble vitamins, minerals, and so on.

Below is the list of carrier oils and their benefits:

Hemp seed oil

It is perhaps the most natural choice. The hemp seed oil contains cannabinoids only in traces, and it may contain other beneficial compounds in small amounts like terpenes. Further, it has an excellent balance of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.  It means that using it as a carrier oil may help boost the “entourage effect” of the end product. It is especially preferred when creating full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD oil. Thus, it could be regarded as one of the best carrier oils for CBD.

MCT oil

It is usually created from coconut but may be extracted from palm kernel oil. This oil differs from all other types of oil in the way that it has high amounts of saturated fats. It does not contain inflammation-causing omega-6 fatty acids. Saturated fats are good for health in small amounts, and they also appear to improve gut health. Saturated fats also absorb quite well and quickly. It is also among the inexpensive options.  

Olive oil

It is the most well-known healthy oil that is exceptionally high in omega-3 fatty acids. It is also among the lighter oils due to its high content of monounsaturated fats. Moreover, it is one of the most well-studied oils. One of the distinct benefits of using olive oil as carrier oil is that it absorbs pretty well through the skin. Thus, it may be a good choice for creating CBD oil for topical use. In addition, olive oil is thought to boost immunity, reduce inflammation, and help prevent age-related cognitive decline.

MCT oil as a CBD carrier oil
Deemed as the best carrier oil for CBD. MCT oil has improved absorption, a neutral taste, and longer shelf life.

Avocado oil